nissan (English, Русский)

Pathfinder I(Edit)

Part-time all wheel drive.

Have you seen a better description of Nissan Pathfinder I on the web? Please send us the link to or post it in a comment below!

Pathfinder (model years?)(Edit)

All Mode selectable all wheel drive system - normally rear wheel drive, in AUTO mode front axle engages when rear wheels start to slip, power is variably distributed from 0:100 to 50:50 front to rear. In AUTO mode the system works as an automatic all wheel drive system. In 2WD mode, the clutch is unlocked permanently. In 4H mode the tranfer clutch is permanently locked - power distribution 50:50.

Figure: All Mode all wheel drive system modes and scheme.
nissan-pathfinder-I

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Patrol 160, GR Y60 ...-1998, Y61 1998-..., PickUp 1998-...(Edit)

Part-time all wheel drive. LSD rear - standard, Locking differential - optional. 2,02:1 low gear.

Figure: Nissan Patrol GR transfer case
nissan-patrol

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Skyline GT-R R33 (1995-1998 *plz Confirm*)(Edit)

Mechanical rear wheel drive with a clutch to transfer power to the front differential. Torque-vectoring rear differential.

"The clever electronic control system is fed by all the information ... such as G-force, boost pressure, throttle position etc, in addition, the speed of individual wheels measured by ABS wheel speed sensors. By these information, the computer knows whether the car is running out of cornering limit or not. If not yet, the multi-plate clutches won't intervene, thus the car can power slide through the corner smoothly. In case out of limit, the multi-plate clutch will engage and send torque to front wheels, increasing traction."

http://www.autozine.org/technical_school/traction/tech_traction_4wd_21.htm#Skyline

Do you own Nissan Skyline Gt-R R33 (1995-1998 *plz Confirm*)? Can you please make a photo of the car's 4x4 transmission, switches, dashboard lights, etc. and send it to ?

GTR R33(Edit)

Figure: nissan skyline gt r r33 transsmision
nissan-skyline-gt-r-r33-transsmision

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GT-R R35(Edit)

Figure: GTR R35
08_gtr

Source

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X-Trail(Edit)

All Mode selectable all wheel drive system - normally front wheel drive vehicle, in AUTO mode rear axle engages when front wheels start to slip, power is variably distributed from 100:0 to 50:50 front to rear. In AUTO mode the system works as an automatic all wheel drive system.

In 2WD mode, the clutch is unlocked permanently. However, even when in 2WD mode, rear wheels can sometimes be engaged by electronic control unit, for example under heavy acceleration.

In LOCK mode the tranfer clutch is permanently locked - power distribution 50:50. If vehicle speed increases, the vehicle automatically goes to AUTO mode, then, when speed decreases, it switches back to LOCK. When transfer clutch oil is overheated, the vehicle goes into 2WD mode.

Figure: Nissan X-Trail All Mode 4wd system description
nissan-x-trail

Figure: nissan x trail
nissan-x-trail_x

Figure: nissan x trail
nissan-x-trail_xx

Figure: nissan qashqai xtrail 4wd clutch
nissan-qashqai-xtrail-4wd-clutch

Figure: nissan qashqai xtrail rear differential
nissan-qashqai-xtrail-rear-differential

Figure: nissan qashqai xtrail rear differential
nissan-qashqai-xtrail-rear-differential_x

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Qashqai I (2007-2013)(Edit)

Same as X-Trail I

Figure: nissan qashqai i owners manual
nissan-qashqai-i-owners-manual

Figure: nissan qashqai i owners manual
nissan-qashqai-i-owners-manual_x

Figure: nissan qashqai i rear differential
nissan-qashqai-i-rear-differential

Figure: nissan qashqai i system diagram
nissan-qashqai-i-system-diagram

Nissan Qashqai/Xtrail service manual (.pdf 172KB)

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Qashqai II (2013-...)(Edit)

Unknown

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Juke 1.6 4WD(Edit)

Torque-Vectoring system. Data provided by different sensors (which monitor wheel speed, steering angle,throttle position, yaw rate) are analized by the 4WD controller, which is able to understand how to split the torque between four wheels.

There isn't a central differential, torque is sent to the rear axle using a shaft linked to front differential. The rear differential is replaced by two clutches which (if necessary) split the torque sent to the rear axle between the two wheels.

Torque-Vectoring system automatically adds torque to the outside rear wheel in corners to make the car turn quicker.

Figure: 2010 nissan juke det fe 8231215 600
2010_nissan_juke_det_fe_8231215_600

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There are 11 comments
vuli
February 25, 2013 - 18:56

Is on Xtrail and QashQai haldex or torsen or something else?

Reply to vuli
awdwiki.com
February 25, 2013 - 21:56

A multiplate clutch, similar to Haldex, but 4x2 and 4x4 modes can be forced by using a rotating knob.

Darren
February 04, 2013 - 12:55

I have a nissan x trail and to be honist i think its a joke as a 4x4. The the snow that has just come and gone i struggled big time in this. The thing is i got the car stuck up my drive and put the car into 4x4 lock mode, this did nothing the 4x4 system does not seem to be working can someone send me an email with help as what to do or am i doing something wrong?.

Regards Darren.

Reply to Darren
Rxsteve
July 20, 2013 - 07:31

Hi, I think it really depends on tires too, no matter how good any system is if you run summer tires or worn tires you still won't grip, personally I have always used general grabbers, road(uhp) and now all terrains, makes a world of difference to the vehicle

paul
September 24, 2012 - 10:09

hi there just wanting to no is it safe to drive nissan x trail in ,4 wd Auto all the time on the roads thank you

Reply to paul
awdwiki.com
September 24, 2012 - 17:00

Yes, it is safe.

Reply to paul
vuli
January 22, 2013 - 14:58

Yes, it is. I have almost always on Auto.
QashQai have the same 4wd like X-trail, wright?

Great wiki!!

Kiwi_ME
April 16, 2012 - 06:10

X-Trail, third paragraph:
"In 2WD mode, the clutch is unlocked permanently. However, even when in 2WD mode, front wheels can sometimes be engaged by electronic control unit, for example under heavy acceleration."
Should read "... rear wheels can sometimes be engaged ..."

I would also suggest that this feature may be nothing more than an unintended artifact of the multi-disk clutch mechanical design. Residual drag of the control clutch (at zero control current) may be enough to actuate the main clutch (via cam plate) if the speed difference is high enough.

Sean
March 15, 2010 - 00:20
Missing system...

Skyline???

Reply to Sean
George
August 16, 2010 - 20:58
Re: Missing system...

The Skyline is conceptually the same.
Mechanical rear wheel drive, with a clutch to transfer power to the front differential.

Reply to Sean
George
February 11, 2011 - 15:20

I forgot the best part, the Skyline had a torque vectoring rear differential.
www.autozine.org

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