nissan (English, Русский)

Pathfinder I(Edit)

Part-time all wheel drive.

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Pathfinder (2000)(Edit)

All Mode selectable all wheel drive system - normally rear wheel drive, in AUTO mode front axle engages when rear wheels start to slip, power is variably distributed from 0:100 to 50:50 front to rear. In AUTO mode the system works as an automatic all wheel drive system. In 2WD mode, the clutch is unlocked permanently. In 4H mode the tranfer clutch is permanently locked - power distribution 50:50.

Figure: All Mode all wheel drive system modes and scheme.
nissan-pathfinder-I

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Patrol 160, GR Y60 ...-1998, Y61 1998-..., PickUp 1998-...(Edit)

Part-time all wheel drive. LSD rear - standard, Locking differential - optional. 2,02:1 low gear.

Figure: Nissan Patrol GR transfer case
nissan-patrol

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Skyline GT-R R33 (1995-1998 *plz Confirm*)(Edit)

Mechanical rear wheel drive with a clutch to transfer power to the front differential. Torque-vectoring rear differential.

"The clever electronic control system is fed by all the information ... such as G-force, boost pressure, throttle position etc, in addition, the speed of individual wheels measured by ABS wheel speed sensors. By these information, the computer knows whether the car is running out of cornering limit or not. If not yet, the multi-plate clutches won't intervene, thus the car can power slide through the corner smoothly. In case out of limit, the multi-plate clutch will engage and send torque to front wheels, increasing traction."

http://www.autozine.org/technical_school/traction/tech_traction_4wd_21.htm#Skyline

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GTR R33(Edit)

Figure: nissan skyline gt r r33 transsmision
nissan-skyline-gt-r-r33-transsmision

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GT-R R35(Edit)

Figure: GTR R35
08_gtr

Source

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X-Trail(Edit)

All Mode selectable all wheel drive system - normally front wheel drive vehicle, in AUTO mode rear axle engages when front wheels start to slip, power is variably distributed from 100:0 to 50:50 front to rear. In AUTO mode the system works as an automatic all wheel drive system.

In 2WD mode, the clutch is unlocked permanently. However, even when in 2WD mode, rear wheels can sometimes be engaged by electronic control unit, for example under heavy acceleration.

In LOCK mode the tranfer clutch is permanently locked - power distribution 50:50. If vehicle speed increases, the vehicle automatically goes to AUTO mode, then, when speed decreases, it switches back to LOCK. When transfer clutch oil is overheated, the vehicle goes into 2WD mode.

Figure: Nissan X-Trail All Mode 4wd system description
nissan-x-trail

Figure: nissan x trail
nissan-x-trail_x

Figure: nissan x trail
nissan-x-trail_xx

Figure: nissan qashqai xtrail 4wd clutch
nissan-qashqai-xtrail-4wd-clutch

Figure: nissan qashqai xtrail rear differential
nissan-qashqai-xtrail-rear-differential

Figure: nissan qashqai xtrail rear differential
nissan-qashqai-xtrail-rear-differential_x

Figure: nissan x trail t31 coupling tension graph
nissan-x-trail-t31-coupling-tension-graph

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Qashqai I (2007-2013)(Edit)

Same as X-Trail I

Figure: nissan qashqai i owners manual
nissan-qashqai-i-owners-manual

Figure: nissan qashqai i owners manual
nissan-qashqai-i-owners-manual_x

Figure: nissan qashqai i rear differential
nissan-qashqai-i-rear-differential

Figure: nissan qashqai i system diagram
nissan-qashqai-i-system-diagram

Nissan Qashqai/Xtrail service manual (.pdf 172KB)

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Qashqai II (2013-...)(Edit)

Unknown

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Juke 1.6 4WD(Edit)

Torque-Vectoring system. Data provided by different sensors (which monitor wheel speed, steering angle,throttle position, yaw rate) are analized by the 4WD controller, which is able to understand how to split the torque between four wheels.

There isn't a central differential, torque is sent to the rear axle using a shaft linked to front differential. The rear differential is replaced by two clutches which (if necessary) split the torque sent to the rear axle between the two wheels.

Torque-Vectoring system automatically adds torque to the outside rear wheel in corners to make the car turn quicker.

Figure: 2010 nissan juke det fe 8231215 600
2010_nissan_juke_det_fe_8231215_600

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Murano Z51(Edit)

Nissan All-Mode 4x4 system - very similar to Xtrail.

Normally AUTO mode what can be switched to Locked mode. During Auto mode front wheel drive vehicle where rear axle engages when front wheels start to slip, power is variably distributed from 100:0 to 50:50 front to rear.

In LOCK mode the transfer clutch is permanently locked - power distribution 50:50. If vehicle speed increases, the vehicle automatically goes to AUTO mode, then, when speed decreases, it switches back to LOCK. When transfer clutch oil is overheated, the vehicle goes into 2WD mode.

Has electric clutch to connect rear axle. Single wheel spinning on axles is controlled via wheel brakes - known as electronic limited slip differential.

Figure: Murano rear axle
Murano_rear_axle

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1-15 of 17 Comments
Ahto
August 06, 2015 - 07:05

I installed an amp meter between the 4wd controller and the clutch solenoid.
Here is a video, how it works in Auto in city driving www.youtube.com

The system is proactive in Auto, as you can see in the video. and in the 2WD the clutch engages when the acc pedal is over 50% and the calculated engine load is over 75% the prevent wheel spin.
I have tried take off on gravel in Auto, like at 2500rpm, it automaticly locks to 75% and when wheel spin is detected, then it goes to 100%.
It may not be as hitech as the haldex, but it is simpler and more reliable

Jeffrey
July 31, 2015 - 13:22

Anyone have any information about the Nissan Terrano, I have searched a lot online and have not been able to figure out if the 1996 R3mR is full time or part time AWD, there is one model with an electronic switch that looks like full time but there is also one with a separate gear shifter for the 4WD system that I think may only be part time.

abheya
May 12, 2015 - 23:02

Hi awdwiki,
How can I make my X-Trail (2003) Ti a better 4wd than now, what are the upgrades and costs involved (love this car, had it for 7+ yrs, no trble at all).
Thanks awdwiki learned a lot from u guys.

Ola
August 12, 2014 - 10:36

Test drove an 07 X-Trail (T31) the other day.. have to say i was not impressed by the 4x4. The problem for me is that i have a steep private gravel road with 3 sharp corners up to my house. Since the X-trail has no differential the 4wd generates a lot of wheelspin in the corners.. also tried a Skoda Yeti and Octavia (Haldex 4 and 5) up the same road with no wheelspin or problems whatsoever driving up..

Also note that here:
en.wikipedia.org

Nissans all-mode 4wd system is listed under "part-time" awd and not multiplate clutch like someone said bellow..

vuli
February 25, 2013 - 18:56

Is on Xtrail and QashQai haldex or torsen or something else?

Reply to vuli
awdwiki.com
February 25, 2013 - 21:51

A multiplate clutch, similar to Haldex, but on Xtrail 4x2 and 4x4 modes can be forced by using a button.

Reply to vuli
awdwiki.com
February 25, 2013 - 21:56

A multiplate clutch, similar to Haldex, but 4x2 and 4x4 modes can be forced by using a rotating knob.

Darren
February 04, 2013 - 12:55

I have a nissan x trail and to be honist i think its a joke as a 4x4. The the snow that has just come and gone i struggled big time in this. The thing is i got the car stuck up my drive and put the car into 4x4 lock mode, this did nothing the 4x4 system does not seem to be working can someone send me an email with help as what to do or am i doing something wrong?.

Regards Darren.

Reply to Darren
Rxsteve
July 20, 2013 - 07:31

Hi, I think it really depends on tires too, no matter how good any system is if you run summer tires or worn tires you still won't grip, personally I have always used general grabbers, road(uhp) and now all terrains, makes a world of difference to the vehicle

Reply to Darren
Snowyfox
April 26, 2014 - 20:41

I have an X-Trail and have driven many off road vehicles, and the X-Trail is very capable, it's only down fall perhaps is ground clearance.
Use AWD mode in snow, leave Lock alone, the system will take care of it. Ice is every cars enemy do not forget. Snow driving is about putting down as little power as possible, like driving on eggs - you put down to much power and you get scrambled. So no jabbing the gas pedal, and sharp steering.
Snow recently formed is fine, it when it becomes compressed or ice your problems may start. If you do not have chains, first look at those tyres, lower the pressure by a say four pounds, it may be enough. It gives you better footprint, better grip.
M+S tyres or All terrain tyres would be help, we drove most of the winter in 6" with out issue on cheap M+S tyres at stock pressure.

paul
September 24, 2012 - 10:09

hi there just wanting to no is it safe to drive nissan x trail in ,4 wd Auto all the time on the roads thank you

Reply to paul
awdwiki.com
September 24, 2012 - 17:00

Yes, it is safe.

Reply to paul
vuli
January 22, 2013 - 14:58

Yes, it is. I have almost always on Auto.
QashQai have the same 4wd like X-trail, wright?

Great wiki!!

Kiwi_ME
April 16, 2012 - 06:10

X-Trail, third paragraph:
"In 2WD mode, the clutch is unlocked permanently. However, even when in 2WD mode, front wheels can sometimes be engaged by electronic control unit, for example under heavy acceleration."
Should read "... rear wheels can sometimes be engaged ..."

I would also suggest that this feature may be nothing more than an unintended artifact of the multi-disk clutch mechanical design. Residual drag of the control clutch (at zero control current) may be enough to actuate the main clutch (via cam plate) if the speed difference is high enough.

Sean
March 15, 2010 - 00:20
Missing system...

Skyline???

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